P09023: Air Muscle Artificial Limb Next Generation

Competitive Benchmarking

Shadow Robot
The Shadow robot is a hand that is almost anatomically accurate and controlled by air muscles. The hand seems to show proper range of motion in the fingers, however the palm motion it not accurate.
 Shadow Robot

Shadow Robot

Image Courtesy of Shadow Robot [1]

Curtin University of Technology Hand

Curtin University of Technology in Australia created a robotic hand and forearm. This design utilizes a 20 valve board to provide different air pressures which are controlled by a computer. The joints in the finger move together, not separately. The metacarpophalangeal joint only has one degree of freedom.
Curtain University

Curtain University

Image Courtesy of Curtin University [2]

RTR 1 Hand
The RTR 1 Hand has three fingers, one of which is in opposition, and a palm. The finger in opposition is comprised of 2 phalanges and the other 2 fingers are comprised of 3 phalanxes. The RTR 1 Hand shows 6 degrees of freedom. There are also 6 position sensors and 3 force sensors.

public/rtr0101.jpg public/rtr0103.jpg public/rtr0102.jpg
Images Courtesy of CyberHand [3]

The CyberHand (2005)

The CyberHand has all five fingers, including the thumb in opposition. There are 6 total motors that control the hand, 1 motor for each finger and another motor for the abduction/adduction of the thumb. The CyberHand shows 16 degrees of freedom.
image:Cyberhand.jpg image:Cyberhand2.jpg
Images Courtesy of CyberHand [4]
A Kyoto-based robot and factory automation manufacturer, said it has developed a 400-gramme (14 ounce) hand with five human-sized fingers with artificial fibres that can be controlled by air pressure.


Image Courtesy of AndroidWorld[5]


  1. Shadow Robot: http://www.shadowrobot.com
  2. Curtin University: http://campusnews.curtin.edu.au/curtin/article.cfm?id=7
  3. The CyberHand Project: CyberHand
  4. The CyberHand Project: CyberHand
  5. Android World: http://www.androidworld.com/