Table of Contents
Project Objective StatementThe overall objective of this project is to identify short and long-term opportunities to reduce energy consumption and energy costs at the Fort Stanwix National Monument. The activities that will support this objective are outlined below and described in detail subsequently:
- Conduct pre-assessment data collection
- Review current electricity billing structure
- Perform onsite assessments
- Determine energy savings opportunities
- Determine appropriate pilot renewable energy project
- Develop assessment report
- propose short-term (1 year horizon) opportunities
- propose long-term (5 year horizon) opportunities
- perform various analysis of recommended energy reduction opportunities
- propose a pilot renewable energy project
- Implement a pilot renewable demonstration-scale project
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Pre-assessment data collection
During July and August of 2008, faculty from the KGCOE will meet with administrative and maintenance personnel at FSNM. The combined group will determine data needs and availability, develop contact relationships, exchange information, tour the facility, and layout a roadmap for the subsequent student team to follow. At these initial meetings the group will review data provided by FSNM. These data may include blueprints, renovation and construction drawings, equipment lists and specifications, electric and natural gas utility bills, etc. Tours of the FSNM facilities will confirm availability of required data and perhaps identify areas where more information is needed.
Review of current billing structure
Deregulation in the energy market and the subsequent increase in the number of energy service companies (ESCOs) has led to an expanded menu of choices for energy consumers. Different pricing options, including indexed and capped pricing, may be available from regional ESCOs. Our student team will do an assessment of FSNM's energy needs and a review of billing arrangements offered by available ESCOs and determine if a more advantageous arrangement is currently available.
It is anticipated that, at various times throughout the project, the student team will need to examine various features of FSNM in person. These onsite assessment visits will be scheduled with the knowledge of the FSNM staff and will occur at their convenience.
Determining savings opportunities
The student team will evaluate current energy consumption profile, benchmark FSNM's performance against current best practices, and identify potential improvements. This effort will be aided by building energy analysis modeling software that will be purchased through the grant, such as EnergyPlus software. The software will allow students to build computer models of Fort Stanwix, the Willett Center, and the maintenance facilities, and the evaluate the energy consumption predictions versus actual usage as well as implications and "what-if" scenarios of various proposed system changes prior to actual implementation.
Identification and implementation of a pilot demonstration-scale renewable energy project
The student team will be responsisble for identifying and implementing a demonstration-scale renewable energy project. Fr example, the team might decide to install a small photovoltaic (PV) array that interfaces with a computer to display and record real time data regarding the amount of energy available from the PV array at any given time. Alternatively, a demonstration-scale wind turbine could be installed to display and record data on the availability of wind energy at any given time. These sorts of data on the availability of solar and wind energy would prove very useful if the Fort Stanwix management team were interested in moving to larger scale implementation of renewable energy in order to reduce their energy costs. It is anticipated that one demonstration-scale project will be implemented within the project cycle.
Documentaion of assessment
The student team's major deliverable will be a final report detailing a series of recommendations for reducing Fort Stanwix's energy costs. The final report will provide a complete review of energy consumption including electrical, natural gas, other fuels (if applicable), water, and sewer usage. It will describe the building envelopes and various equipment that consumes energy. Equipment may include things such as air compressors, air handling units, steam systems for heating coils, chilled water or refrigerant systems for cooling coils, lighting fixtures, and office and process related systems. The report will provide:
- A description of the buildings, building envelopes, mechanical and electric systems, occupancy patterns, and schedules
- A discussion of energy use and costs at the FSNM
- Charts and graphs describing current energy use patterns at FSNM
- A review of FSNM's current energy billing structure and suggested modifications
- Energy saving recommendations
- A detailed economic analysis derived from implementing the recommendations and for each alternative (e.g. projected savings, investment payback, etc.)
- Summaries of recommendations sorted by investment costs, greates estimated savings potential, and payback period
- An implementation plan describing short term cost reduction opportunities (a 1 year time horizon) and long term cost reduction activities (5 year horizon)
In addition, the team may elect to capture non-traditional externalities associated with specific recommendations. These effects could be described using a carbon foot printing or life cycle assessment approach.
- Fort Stanwix National Monument
- National Parks Service
RIT Senior Design Program Team Members Faculty Guide
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