P10010: Motion Tracking Sensor
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Select Product Concept(s)

Table of Contents

Step 1. Clarify The Problem

System concept overview:

Areas of interest on the human body for the placement of these sensors, in this project, are:

1. Spine: 3 possible locations-Thoracic, Upper Lumbar, Lower Lumbar.

2. Arm: Shoulder-Elbow-Wrist

3. Leg: Hip-Knee-Ankle

Customer requirements for sensors:

1: The device should obtain and measure the angles formed by a person's lower back and limbs with at least one or three degrees of freedom.

2: The accuracy of angles should ideally be +/-1 degree.

3. A portable motion tracking system.

4. Sensor readings are not affected by external factors (skin, bumps, etc)

5. The sensor may not interfere with any electromagnetic devices, such as, pacemakers, implanted defibrillators, etc.

We explored, in depth, those sensors which meet our initial requirements: measures angles with one, three, six degrees of freedom accurately, be light, and small.

This section goes into the details for each sensor we chose from analysis of many different products and technologies. Some of the many possibilities we are considering are accelerometers, gyroscopes, magnetometers, potentiometers (linear, rotary, etc.), and also any available digital options. We rule out magnetometers due to above mentioned requirement about electromagnetic interference.

For the feasibility analysis, we are compiling the specifications for each sensor provided by the datasheet/ website/ vendor/ company and compare them to the ideal values given from the customer in the document of Engineering Specs. Additional notes about the pros and challenges of the sensor, and how it will be possibly interfaced with the MCU (this will tie into the MCU and interface feasibility) will be given.

Sensor Concept Selection Research


DE-ACCM3D2 Buffered +-2g Tri-axis Accelerometer

public/Images/DE-ACCM3D2.jpg

Features

http://www.dimensionengineering.com/datasheets/DE-ACCM3D2.pdf

ADXR5614 Gyro and ADXL203 Tilt Sensor IMU Board

public/SENSORPICS/ADXR.jpg

Features

http://www.sparkfun.com/datasheets/Accelerometers/IMU_Combo_Board-v2.pdf

LIS302DL Smart Digital Output "Piccolo" Accelerometer

public/SENSORPICS/LIS.jpg

Features

http://www.st.com/stonline/products/literature/ds/12726.pdf

SEN-08606 Resistive Response Flex Sensor

The flex sensor works using the concept of a voltage divider. As the flex sensor is bent in one direction the resistance gradually increases. When the sensor is bent in the other direction its resistance will gradually decrease. We have equations to be able to convert the raw data into angle that correspond to it. The image below is how the circuit will be assembled. The interface circuitry will most likely be incorporated near the MCU. This is already used in flex-gloves, robotics, bio-mechanics, fitness, medical, and gaming devices for measuring movement and angles. This will be a perfect match for one degree of freedom measurement- elbow, knew, even other joint if the need only calls for one degree of motion information. For the spine, we can possibly use three flex sensors that form a triangle around the region, since this is a one degree of freedom sensor.

public/SENSORPICS/flex-circuit.gif

http://mech207.engr.scu.edu/SensorPresentations/Jan%20-%20Flex%20Sensor%20Combined.pdf

Features

http://itp.nyu.edu/physcomp/sensors/Reports/Flex

Atomic IMU - 6 Degrees of Freedom

public/SENSORPICS/IMU.jpg

Features

http://www.sparkfun.com/commerce/product_info.php?products_id=9184

6 Degrees of Freedom Razor - Ultra-Thin IMU

public/SENSORPICS/6DOF.jpg

Features

http://www.sparkfun.com/commerce/product_info.php?products_id=9431

Arduino Mega Microcontroller

public/Images/ArduinoMega.jpg public/Images/microsd_shield.png

Arduino Mega

public/Images/ArduinoMega_battery.jpg public/Images/ArduinoMega_battery2.jpg

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