Subsystem 3 - Sophomore Year
Table of Contents
The word "Kaizen" is a Japanese term meaning - Improvement or to change for the better. It is a combination of several brief movements that can lead to large improvements throughout time. The philosophy is based around continuously improving by making small changes which can be easily integrated into your daily activities. Kaizen "events" are typically done to manufacturing processes to reduce their duration while at the same time reducing defects, making work easier, and more ergonomic. Information is typically gathered from a variety of resources such as engineers, operators, mechanics, material handlers, and anyone involved in the process.
The Kaizen process has become so famous due to the works of the Toyota Production Systems originating in Japan. One of the most common terms associated with Kaizen is the letter P.D.C.A. which stands for Plan, Do, Check, Act. This acronym can be further explained as:
- Standardize an operation and activities.
- Measure the operation (find cycle time and amount of in-process inventory)
- Gauge measurements against requirements
- Innovate to meet requirements and increase productivity
- Standardize the new, improved operations
- Repeat Cycle 
Pivot and Counterweight
A counterweight is a mass that is placed in a certain position to balance an equivalent load. The pivot is the central point, pin or shaft on which a mechanism turns. In this case the Styrofoam head is pivoted on the blue rod.
In mechanical engineering a moment is the general term used to describe the tendency of an applied force to rotate an object about an axis or pivot point. One example is using a wrench to tighten a bolt.
In equilibrium the head in this subsystem will sit upright due to the counterweight on the back. Adding the weight of the balls overpowers the counterweight force and causes the head to tip. Once the balls roll out, the counterweight pivots the head back to the equilibrium position.
Sprocket and Chain System
Our sprocket and chain system is composed of two equally sized sprockets and a chain with a pitch of 17.75 mm. The lower sprocket is turned when a motor receives power. This power source is sent to the motor when the initial marble hits a limit switch which sends a signal from the switch to the Arduino then to our power source and back to the motor.
LED stands for Light Emitting Diode. Initially, LEDs emitted only red light and were very low in intensity. Throughout the evolution of technology LED's have become much more intense and are available in any color in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared wavelengths. The way LEDs work is through an effect called electroluminescence which is an electrical phenomenon in which an electric current is passed through a specific material which in exchange emits light. The color of the light emitted is determined by the energy band gap of the semiconductor. Current flows through this semiconductor into an anode (p-side) and a cathode (n-side). The semiconductor, anode, and cathode are all connected together in the anvil post with a connecting wire. In order to easily distinguish between the anode and cathode when wiring LEDs, manufacturers have made the cathode side a flat surface as opposed to the circular shape and the extending cathode rod is noticeably shorter than the anode rod.
|MSD I||MSD II||Subsystem Educational Information|