Table of Contents
Team Vision for Problem Definition PhaseOBJECTIVES
- Interview the customer and use their feedback to develop a comprehensive list of requirements for the Amelia drone project.
- Identify stakeholders.
- Clarify the scope of our project after receiving customer feedback.
- Establish use cases for the drone.
- Establish team values and norms to be used for the remainder of the project.
- Establish our team structure and team roles.
- Identify the effect and end use of our project.
- Have all customer and engineering requirements finished to drive decisions.
- Compile constraints.
- Develop project plans for next phase (four weeks).
- Begin preliminary research for solution and available technologies.
- 90% of objectives completed.
- Still defining some aspects of the project and the implications of it.
- Developed use cases, customer requirements, engineering requirements, house of quality, established team, defined roles and review structure.
- Interviewed customer and received expected method for communication.
- Reviewed risks and began mitigation brainstorming to avoid long term issues.
- Created project plan for next phase (four weeks) delegated tasks, and setup a methodology for reporting and updating the schedule.
Project SummaryThe Amelia Project’s goal is to develop a drone unlike any other on the market. The drone will be equipped with the ability to survey 360 degrees of the lower hemisphere which may be observed by the remote pilot. This pilot controls the drone with a handheld controller along with a virtual reality headset that allows him to survey the 360 degree view below. This new project is leveraging existing drone, virtual reality, and RF video transmission technologies.
The goal of the project is to transmit a high definition 360 degree video to the ground station where the pilot is located. With this, the reduction of latency and guarantee stability of the drone. The project seeks to demonstrate the capability of RF to send large amounts of information over significant distances while still providing a smooth video experience. The drone must satisfy all FAA flight safety considerations and FCC regulations. The expected result is a functional prototype that is presented to Lockheed Martin to demonstrate to the management the effectiveness of these technologies when combined together.
Use CasesUse Cases Document
Project Goals and Key Deliverables
- Project: The goal of the AMELIA drone is to deliver a fully functional drone package that allows a drone operator to pilot their drone using a 360 degree drone equipped to the drone. The system should emulate the experience of a pilot in a cockpit, wherein the pilot can naturally look around and examine their environment by moving their head.
- Imagine RIT: 360 degree video that visitors can view using a VR headset at the booth. The video should be a recording made by the drone.
Customer Requirements (Needs)
|Customer Requirement #||Importance (1-3-9 scale)||Description||Comments|
|CR1||9||Aircraft can send 360 degree lower hemisphere video to a base station during flight|
|CR2||9||Video received from aircraft during flight shall be streamed live to a virtual reality headset.|
|CR3||3||The headset views the 360 degree footage with a perspective that changes based on the wearers head rotation.|
|CR4||3||The 360 degree footage will also be recorded to be able to rewatch and replay later.|
|CR5||1||Must be able to take off and land without human assistance|
|CR6||9||Must be able to land without breaking|
|CR7||3||Flown by pilots hands using a controller|
|CR8||9||The video has high quality and smooth framerate to avoid pilot feeling sick.|
|CR9||1||Simple user interface|
|CR10||3||User can fly in 1 direction and look in another|
|CR11||9||Safe to operate|
|CR12||9||Comply with FAA and FCC regulations|
|CR13||9||Basic drone flying capabilities.|
Engineering Requirements (Metrics & Specifications)
|Engineering Requirement #||Source||Function||Metric||Unit of Measurement||Marginal||Target||Direction|
|ER1||CR11, CR12, CR13||Aircraft must reach altitude||Height||ft||300||400||up|
|ER2||CR8, CR11||Stability in crosswind||Max distance from ‘origin location’ in 20 minutes in 15 mph crosswind||ft||3||2||down|
|ER3||CR13||Flight time/Battery Life||Time without needing to refuel/recharge||min||30||40||up|
|ER4||CR2, CR4, CR8||Video Quality||Resolution||p||1080||1440||up|
|ER5||CR2, CR8||Video Latency to Headset||Measure time differential from drone to headset||ms||1000||100||down|
|ER6||CR1, CR4, CR8||Video Latency||Measure differential from drone to base station||ms||15||10||down|
|ER7||CR1, CR2, CR8, CR11||Recording Quality||Frame rate of video||frames per second||30||60||up|
|ER9||CR4, CR8||Camera Stability||Maximum amplitude of oscillation of camera||in||TBD||TBD||down|
|ER10||CR4, CR8||Camera Stability||Maximum frequency of oscillation of camera||hz||TBD||TBD||down|
|ER11||CR13||Recharge Time||Time to fully recharge drone and camera||min||30||20||down|
|ER12||CR1, CR8, CR11||Field of View||Measure total angle of vision (horizon to horizon)||degree||120||180||up|
|ER13||CR7, CR9||User Interaction||Minimize button presses to begin drone operation (not controller)||count||5||3||down|
|ER14||CR13||Drone Range||Maximum radius from base station||miles||.25||.35||up|
|ER15||CR11, CR13||Size||Overall profile of drone (cube side length)||ft||4||3||down|
|ER16||CR6||Resistant to environment||Are all components sufficiently shock proof||Yes/No||Yes||Yes||X|
|ER17||CR7||Operation||% of users who find controller ‘easy to use’||%||60||75||up|
|ER18||CR11,CR12||Wire Count||Number of exposed wires or safety issues||count||2||0||down|
|ER19||CR8||Interference||Minimize frame loss through entire flight||count||100||50||up|
|ER20||CR5, CR6, CR11||Low Power*||Drone autonomously lands at designated power level||Yes/No||Yes||Yes||X|
|ER21||CR3, CR10||Independant controller and headset||Controller and headset have may operate separately||Yes/No||Yes||Yes||X|
House of Quality
Download the House of Quality file
- Drone must have a range of a quarter mile away from the base station
- Base station capable of running VR
- 30 minutes of battery life on the drone
- $7500 operating budget
- Drone capable of simple autonomous landing and take off
- 1080p at 30 FPS 360 degree video streaming to base station
- 360 degree video stream can be viewed and interacted with using the VR headset
- Comfortable for pilot, and does not cause nausea
- RIT bans any and all drone flights on campus
- Limited availability for FOSS RF hardware and software
- Low-latency video stream
- FAA & FCC regulations
Design Review Materials
- Notes from review
- Action Items
These will be added after the Design Review
Plans for next phase
- Functional decomposition
- System architecture
- Module communication definitions