Resources: Resources and Guidelines

Citation Examples

References in a wiki node should be made in the following order of decreasing precedence:

  1. Wikilink to current or other project
  2. Inter-wiki link to external materials on supported websites (more terse than a full link)
  3. Normal full link to external website
  4. Citation reference to non-web materials
  5. In-line description of reference, strongly discouraged


Citing sources in a large document can be made easier by using the MediaWiki-style citation format.

These examples are taken from the above-linked page, which is more detailed than this node aspires to be.

The examples given here are simply for short reference, and not intended to be authoritative. A lot of this paragraph text is just taking up space to spread the page out.[1]

Here is an example of a simple citation used in the preceding paragraph:

<ref>Miller, E: "The Sun.", page 23. Academic Press, 2005</ref>
Notice how the citation itself is replaced by a small symbol, and the <references/> tag below is replaced by the citation contents with cross-links. The cross-links make checking citations simple.

Here is a full paragraph of citations:
This is an example of multiple references to the same footnote.[2] Such references are particularly useful when citing sources, if different statements come from the same source.[2] A concise way to make multiple references is to use empty ref tags, which have a slash at the end.[2]

The three preceeding citations are, respectively:


This section contains a single <references/> tag as its body:

  1. Miller, E: "The Sun.", page 23. Academic Press, 2005
  2. a b c Remember that when you refer to the same footnote multiple times, the text from the first reference is used.